Ancient Highways

Ancient Highways

Rand & Rose Flem-Ath (2016)

 [1] [2]

The Inca Trail winds its rough way along slippery stone paths and across swaying rope bridges from Peru’s Cuzco in the southern Andes to Quito, the ancient Inca capital which lies at the Equator. It is a monument to the perseverance and skill of a people determined to create a roadway to their chosen destination. But the story of the grand design of this legendary road starts long before the first stones were lodged into place or the first rope was thrown across its yawning chasms. It features a momentous journey undertaken by the sun-god, Inti, and his small family.


[3]   [4]

After the Great Flood, Inti came from the south and landed with his son and daughter on the shores of Lake Titicaca in the central Andes. Inti gave his son, Manco Cápac, a mysterious gold gadget. Variously described as ‘a wedge’, ‘a sacred emblem’, ‘a staff’, or a ‘royal scepter,’ it was known as “the tapac-yauri”. More accurately called a ‘homing device’ it possessed extremely accurate geographic knowledge of the entire globe. Inti instructed his children in its use.

As they roam the devastated landscape of the post-flood world the Children of the Sun are instructed by Inti to settle at the place where the sacred emblem sinks without effort into the ground. “They proceeded … as far as the valley of Cuzco, the spot indicated by the performance of the miracle, since there the wedge speedily sank into the earth and disappeared forever. Here the children of the Sun established their residence.’”[5]

The tapac-yauri had served its sacred purpose as a literal homing device by leading them to Cuzco.

But the question as to why Cuzco was the ultimate destination has so far remained unanswered. [6]

One suggestive clue found along the Inca Trail is the lookout, ‘Tampu Runkuraqay.’ As seen in the photograph above, its viewpoint offers a breathtaking prospect as is expected in our tourist-orientated times. But ancient people had more pragmatic concerns than the selfie possibilities of a magnificent view. Their concern may well have been more about Tampa Runkuraqay’s unique altitude above ocean level. Remarkably, this outlook stands exactly 2 nautical miles above sea level, suggesting that the nautical mile was known in ancient times. Such knowledge can only be acquired through an understanding of the earth’s true dimensions.


Standing at 1.5 nautical miles above sea level the six monolithic blocks at Ollantaytambo are the largest stones used in construction in the New World. How these great weights were moved and placed so precisely together remains a mystery.[8]

Let’s look at a couple of other sites in what we will call the ‘Cuzco Cluster’ – several important megaliths located on the outskirts of Cuzco.


Sacsayhuaman is one of the most magnificent building projects in the Cluster; a site that has baffled scholars from around the world, including the son of a Spanish conquistador who married an Incan princess.


Inca Garcilaso de la Vega (1539-1616) was one of the first to describe Sacsayhuaman:

“Its proportions are inconceivable when one has not actually seen it; and when one looked at it closely and examined it attentively, they appear to be so extraordinary that it seems as though some magic had presided over its construction … How can we explain the fact that these Peruvian Indians were able to split, carve, lift, carry, hoist and lower such enormous blocks of stone, which are more like pieces of a mountain than building stones, and that they accomplished this, as I said before, without the help of a single machine or instrument? An enigma such as this one cannot be easily solved without the help of magic.” [11]

Where did this ‘magic’ come from? From the survivors of Atlantis?

Much of our work has explored the earth’s traumatic experience of earth crust/mantle displacements, and the subsequent destruction of Atlantis and the rich mythology born from survivors who scattered across the world. Cuzco’s position relative to the past three tumultuous earth crust/mantle displacements may explain its great importance to the ancient dwellers of the Andes.

To get your bearings – here are the locations of the crust relative to the Arctic and Antarctic Circles from the Yukon Pole (63N 135W in green dating from before 91,600 BC.), The Greenland Sea Pole (73N 10E in red dating from 91,600 to 50,600 BC), and the Hudson Bay Pole (60N 83W in blue dating from 50,600 to 9,600 BC). They are shown chronologically from left to right – each one separated by 41,000 years.

Unlike today, during the Hudson Bay Pole (blue) Cuzco was in the northern hemisphere at 10фᵒN.[12] During the Greenland Sea Pole (red) Cuzco was at 10ᵒS and during the Yukon Pole (green) the Cuzco cluster was on the equator with Ollantaytambo located at precisely 00:00ᵒ (i.e. the exact equator!).

The Cuzco Cluster was at a 10фᵒN latitude during the Hudson Bay Pole.

Today, Cuzco’s latitude is 13:32ᵒS, a latitude that is unremarkable.

So, stop the press. What would be a remarkable latitude?

In the ATLANTIS BLUEPRINT, we designated the following latitudes ‘sacred’: 0, 5, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30, 45 and the ф latitudes (16:18, 21:15, 34:23, 55:37) because they all divide evenly into 360 degrees or are derivatives of a ф division of the distance from the poles to the equator.[13]

Inti’s mysterious device was utilized by the Children of the Sun to found important centers not only in the Andes but even as far as North America. This is demonstrated by how many of the sacred sites are linked to the Giza Prime Meridian.

Before the last displacement, Cuzco had been in the northern hemisphere at 10фᵒN. The closest position in the southern hemisphere that could be used to honor their former location lay at 10фᵒS – where we started this journey, Lake Titicaca. The site, Tiahuanaco, is within half a degree of 10фᵒS and lies 100ᵒ West of the Great Pyramid (WGP).

Next stop. The northern terminus of the Inca Trail. Quito

A crust/mantle displacement creates tremendous tidal waves, destroying life along the coasts. The only survivors are those who manage to escape to higher ground or who already live at higher altitudes. Their first urgent requirement is food and water.

It is perhaps no coincidence that Quito has fresh water, is located at a high altitude and is on the Equator.  It’s advantageous to be at the Equator if another displacement should occur. No matter how far the crust/mantle shifts you are still likely to end up near the tropics. Although the destruction can take anyone anywhere, significantly, you are extremely unlikely to end up in a polar zone, which is the worst-case scenario. Atlantis slid into the worst case scenario!

During the Hudson Bay Pole, Quito was at 30ᵒN (the same latitude as Giza today).

Quito is 110ᵒ West of the Great Pyramid. Another great claim to fame for the city is that it lay on the Equator during the Greenland Sea Pole. So twice on the equator.

The choice of Quito seems to be a deliberate, preplanned part of a larger blueprint. As the northern terminus of the Inca Trail, Quito linked to Cuzco. Cuzco’s 10фᵒN location during the Hudson Bay Pole was duplicated after the Flood at Lubaantum. The Children of the Sun may have been compelled by astronomical reasons to select Lubaantum. Astronomical observations depend upon the latitude where an observatory is built. Significantly, the ancient monuments at Lubaantum are at the same latitude that Cuzco was before the displacement. This meant than any observations undertaken at Cuzco before the displacement would work perfectly at Lubaantum after the displacement.


It’s an intriguing fact that Lubaantum lies 120ᵒ West of the Great Pyramid – suggesting that it was sited with a knowledge of the Giza Prime Meridian. Knowledge that came from Atlantis.

Atlantean scientists undertook a vast geodesic project sometime before 9,600 B.C. Their study of previous displacements led them to Cuzco as the perfect spot to plant a knowledge-cache. After the Flood, survivors of Atlantis landed on Lake Titicaca and a homing device directed them to Cuzco where they found the knowledge-cache. The subsequent establishment of Giza Prime Meridian sites at Tiahuanaco, Quito and Lubaantum demonstrate a sophisticated knowledge of the earth’s geography.

A knowledge-cache was buried at Cuzco.

The fascinating pattern defined by the Inca Trail in the Andes as it travels through the southern/western hemispheres is duplicated in the northern/eastern hemisphere by the Silk Road that stretches across the Himalayan Mountains.

Where is Asia’s Cuzco? …

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[1] Stone pathway. Public Domain, 23 February 2016.

[2] Rope bridges. By CREDIT: Photo courtesy of Rutahsa Adventures – uploaded with permission by User:Leonard G. at en.wikipedia – Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons by Jalo using CommonsHelper., CC BY-SA 1.0, 17 September 2016.

[3] The sun-god Inti on the flag of Argentina. By Juan Martín de Pueyrredón (1777-1850), according to Ministerio del Interior website – Taken from the National flag of Argentina, Public Domain, 15 April 2016.

[4] Manco Cápac with the tapac-yauri. By Unknown – Archivo El Comercio, 1999, Public Domain, 15 April 2016.

[5] William Hickling Prescott, History of the Conquest of Peru, 1851, as cited in The Atlantis Blueprint pages 285-286.

[6] By The original uploader was Steve Pastor at English Wikipedia – Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons by Jalo using CommonsHelper., CC BY-SA 3.0, 28 April 2016.

[7] By Wolfgangbeyer at the German language Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, 28 February 2016.

[8] The difference in ocean level (from exactly 1.5 nautical miles) might be used as a means of dating Ollantaytambo. See also The Speed of Light Code in this eBook.

[9] By Martin St-Amant (S23678) – Own work, CC BY 3.0, 23 February 2016.

[10] By Unknown –, Public Domain, 23 February 2016.

[11] Garcilaso de La Vega, The Royal Commentaries of the Inca Garcilaso de La Vega, 1539-1616, The Orion Press, 1961 pages 233, 235.

[12] During the Hudson Bay Pole Cuzco’s latitude was 16:07N. For the significance of the number 16:07 see The Speed of Light Code in this eBook.

[13] For a special ф division of the distance from the poles to the equator see The Speed of Light Code in this eBook.

[14] Ruins at Lubaantum CC BY-SA 2.0, 23 September 2016.

The Speed of Light Code

The Speed of Light Code

Rand Flem-Ath

Scientists at the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) comb the heavens in a quest to find universal constants like ф (1.618…) and π (3.1415…). These ‘Civilization Signature Constants’ (CSC) are fundamental to SETI because such numbers are highly unlikely to occur at random. If a message came from a distant star system printing out ф, or π digits, then SETI would cry Eureka! If that message contained two universal constants, then SETI might even declare contact!

But what if we look at the problem from another angle? What if we back-engineer SETI’s strategy? Rather than pointing our instruments at the sky maybe we should be looking at our own planet to determine if a Super-Intelligent-Entity-or-Entities (SIEE) has/have already left ф (1.618…) and π (3.1415…) footprints upon Earth.

The idea that the speed of light might contain a code seems odd at first. But that’s only because we are accustomed to measuring c (the speed of light) using the metric system. In 1975, the speed of light was determined at 299,792,458 meters per second with a measurement uncertainty of 4 parts per billion. In 1983, the measurement uncertainty was corrected by redefining the meter as being 1/299,792,458 of the distance light travels in one second. The number 299,792,458 has nothing special about it. It seems random, but look what happens when we measure c (speed of light) with a different measuring tool, nautical miles (M). The speed of light travels at 161,874.977 nautical miles per second. We call this cM.

The first four digits of cM are 1618 which is ф packed right into c. Two universal constants in one set of numbers. Coincidence? Maybe? But what if this same message (ф combined with c) was coming from outer space? How would we react?

The ф in c is not the only part of the speed of light code. Let’s look at the next three digits (749). When we divide 21600 nautical miles (the circumference of the Earth) into cM we get 7.494211898148148. In other words, in one second light travels approximately 7.49 times the circumference of the Earth. So, the 749 in cM maybe a confirmation (redundancy) that we’re dealing with the speed of light as measured by our planet’s circumference.

So, if 1618 is ф and 7.49 are consistent with a code, what then of the 77? I suggest it is a check digit, something that has only recently become a part of 21st century civilization. We use check digits because we use computers. For inventory purposes, numbers like 4977, suggest a confirmation that cM is not random. The 4977 in cM is a check digit because 7 times 7 is 49. I suggest that the 77 in cM is a kind of exclamation mark meaning: it’s real. You’re on the right track to cracking the code.

So how did this come about? I suggest that SIEE has/have tuned the velocity of the Earth’s spin to print out the speed of light code using nautical miles as the key. SIEE left us a message in the very spin of our planet. SIEE then set about the task of insuring that humanity would use a specific time system otherwise the code would never be broken. SIEE did this, I suggest, by imparting to the Sumerians  a time system (24 hours, 60 minutes and 60 seconds) that ultimately would provide the suitable measurement of one second.

If SIEE can determine the spin of a planet, then surely, they would have left other speed of light signatures upon our planet. The distance 161,874.977 nautical miles (cM) is far too big a number to be etched into our planet’s contours. But 1/100th that distance (1618.74977 nautical miles) shows up across our planet again and again. cM/100 is about the distance between Chicago and San Francisco but only takes 1/100th of a second (one beat of a hummingbird’s wing) to complete the trip. More significantly, cM/100 is the distance from Egypt’s Great Pyramid to …

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